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6th International Conference on Physical & Theoretical Chemistry, will be organized around the theme “Delve into an Innovative idea in the Field of Physical chemistry”
Euro Physical Chemistry 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Euro Physical Chemistry 2019
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Thermochemistry is the study of the heat energy combine with chemical reactions and/or physical transformations. It is based on the first law of thermodynamics, a reaction may release or absorb energy, and a phase change may do the same, such as in melting and boiling. Its targets on these energy changes, particularly on the system's energy exchange with its surroundings. The energy changes in chemical reactions are generally due to the breaking up of existing bonds between the atoms and the formation of new bonds. Thus, thermochemistry provides important information regarding bond energies.
- Track 1-1Specific heat
- Track 1-2Thermochemical equation
- Track 1-3Hess’s law
- Track 1-4Second law of thermodynamics
- Track 1-5Conservation of energy
Chemical thermodynamics is dealing with how heat and work relate to each other both in changes of state and in chemical reactions. It involves not only laboratory measurements of various thermodynamic properties, but also the application of mathematical methods to the study of chemical questions and the spontaneity of processes. The structure of chemical thermodynamics is based on the first two laws of thermodynamics.
- Track 2-1Law of thermodynamics
- Track 2-2Internal energy
- Track 2-3Gibbs free energy
- Track 2-4Enthalpy
- Track 2-5Entropy
Chemical kinetics is the branch of physical chemistry, concerned with the rates of processes. Its includes analysis of how different experimental conditions can influence the speed of a chemical reaction and yield information about the reaction's mechanism and states, as well as the developing of mathematical models that can be describe in distinctive chemical reaction.
- Track 3-1Rate of reaction
- Track 3-2Radioactivity
- Track 3-3Zero order reactions
- Track 3-4First order reactions
- Track 3-5Molecularity and order of reaction
Quantum science is a branch of science whose essential combination is the utilization of quantum mechanics in physical models and examinations of compound frameworks. It is additionally called sub-atomic quantum mechanics. Exploratory quantum physicists depend vigorously on spectroscopy, through which data in regards to the quantization of vitality on a sub-atomic scale can be acquired. Normal method are infra-red (IR) spectroscopy, atomic attractive reverberation (NMR) spectroscopy, and filtering test microscopy.
- Track 4-1Quantum Mechanics
- Track 4-2Quantization
- Track 4-3Wave Model
- Track 4-4Molecular Orbital
Electrochemistry is dealing with the connection between power, as a quantifiable and quantitative marvel, and identifiable substance change, with either power considered a result of a specific combination change or vice versa. These responses include electric charges moving amongst cathodes and an electrolyte. Hypothetically electrochemistry manages the communication between electrical vitality and compound change.
- Track 5-1Electrochemical cells
- Track 5-2Oxidation and reduction
- Track 5-3Balancing redox reactions
- Track 5-4Battery
Solid-state chemistry involves the use of chemistry for the design and synthesis of materials with interesting or potentially useful physical characteristics, such as magnetic, optical, structural or catalytic properties. It also involves the characterization, processing and molecular-level understanding of these substances.
- Track 6-1Materials Chemistry
- Track 6-2Gas reactions
- Track 6-3Melt methods
- Track 6-4Solution Methods
- Track 6-5Mechanochemistry
Spectroscopy deals with the measurement, and interpretation of spectra arising from the interaction of electromagnetic radiation. There are many different spectroscopic methods available for solving a wide range of analytical problems. The methods differ with:
- The species to be analyzed
- The type of radiation–matter interaction to be monitored
- The region of the electromagnetic spectrum used in the analysis
Spectroscopic methods are very informative and widely used for both quantitative and qualitative analyses. Spectroscopic methods based on the absorption or emission of radiation in the ultraviolet (UV), visible (Vis), infrared (IR), and radiofrequency ranges are most commonly encountered in traditional food analysis laboratories. Each of these methods is distinct in that it monitors different types of molecular or atomic transitions.
- Track 7-1Nature of the Interaction
- Track 7-2Type of Radiative Energy
- Track 7-3Type of Material
- Track 7-4Crystals
Photochemistry is the branch of physical chemistry concerned with chemical reaction produced by light, because the absorption of a photon from light molecule may rise to an excited electronic state where it will react more in the ground electronic state. In photochemical reactions, the activation energy is supplied by absorption of light. This concept is the adverse of thermal reaction that activation energy is supplied by intermolecular collisions.
Photochemistry is the latent mechanism for all of photobiology. When a molecule absorbs a photon light, its electronic structure changes, and it reacts differently with other molecules. The energy absorbed from light can result in photochemical changes in the absorbing molecule (e.g., photosensitization).
Grotthuss–Draper law: It states that light must be absorbed by a chemical substance in order to form
a photochemical reaction.
Stark-Einstein law: It states that each photon light is absorbed by a chemical system; not more than
one molecule is activated for a photochemical reaction, as defined by the quantum yield.
- Track 8-1Photodegradation
- Track 8-2Photoexcitation
- Track 8-3Photoionization
- Track 8-4Photosynthesis
- Track 8-5Photoalkalization
Physical organic chemistry is deals with the structure and reactivity of organic molecules. Especially, physical organic chemistry applies the experimental tools of physical chemistry to study the structure of organic molecules and provides a theoretical framework that solve how structure influences both mechanisms and rates of organic reactions. It can be thought of as a subfield that bridges organic chemistry with physical chemistry.
Physical organic chemists use theoretical and experimental approaches work to understand these foundational problems in organic chemistry, including classical and statistical thermodynamic calculations, quantum mechanical theory and computational chemistry, as well as experimental spectroscopy ,spectrometry and crystallography approaches.
- Track 9-1Organic reactions
- Track 9-2Chemical Stabilities
- Track 9-3Free Energy of Activation
- Track 9-4Reactive Intermediates
Micromeritics is the study of the fundamental and derived properties of individual as well as a collection of particles. The knowledge and control of the size of particles is important in pharmacy and material science. The size, and the surface area of a particle, can be related to the physical, chemical and pharmacologic properties of drugs. Clinically, the particle size of a drug can affect its release from dosage forms that are administered orally, parentally, rectally and topically.
The successful formulation of suspensions, emulsions and tablets; both physical stability and pharmacologic response also depends on the particle size achieved in the product
- Track 10-1Pharmacology
- Track 10-2Emulsion
- Track 10-3Suspension
- Track 10-4Drug
Surface chemistry is defined as the study of chemical reactions at interfaces which aims at modifying the chemical composition of a surface by incorporation of selected elements or functional groups that produce various desired effects or improvements in the properties of the surface or interface. Most of surface chemistry involves the interaction of surfaces or interfaces of substances, like adsorption, heterogeneous catalysis, formation of colloids, corrosion, crystallization, dissolution, electrode processes, chromatography etc.
- Track 11-1Catalysis
- Track 11-2Geochemistry
- Track 11-3Adsorption
Radiation chemistry is deals with reactions of free radicals and of metal ions in unusual valency states, including electron-transfer reactions. In Particular, radiation chemistry facilitates experiments that cannot be studied by photochemistry, owing to differences in the fundamental physical processes in the two methods. Procedures have been developed to accurately determine radiolysis radical yields, and a variety of physical techniques have been used to monitor reactions.
- Track 12-1Radicals
- Track 12-2Chain Reaction
- Track 12-3Radioactive Decay
- Track 12-4Nuclear Reaction
Femtochemistry is the region of physical science that studies chemical reactions on extremely short timescales, pretty nearly 10âˆ’15 seconds (one femtosecond, consequently the name). The steps in some reactions occur in the femtosecond timescale and sometimes in attosecond timescales, and will sometimes form intermediate products. These intermediate products cannot always be deduced from observing the starting and end products. Femtochemistry allows investigation of which chemical reactions take place, and investigates why some reactions occur but not others. Femtochemistry presents a timely contribution to a field central to the understanding of the dynamics of the chemical bond.
- Track 13-1Chemical Reactions
- Track 13-2Single-molecule Trajectory
- Track 13-3Intermediate Products
- Track 13-4Femto Therapy
Theoretical chemistry deals with structural and dynamic properties of molecules and molecular materials using quantum chemistry, equilibrium and nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and dynamics. Molecular orbital calculations is applied to organic and inorganic molecules, and solids important advances have been made in predicting the structure and dynamics of biomolecules, simulating and interpreting spectroscopic lineshapes, assessing traditional models of chemical kinetics and predicting chemical reactivity by ab initio methods.
- Track 14-1Molecular modeling
- Track 14-2Molecular dynamics
- Track 14-3Molecular mechanics
- Track 14-4Cheminformatics
- Track 14-5Mathematical chemistry
Polymer chemistry is the study of large, complex molecules that are built up from many smaller units, called monomers. It is very advantageous to understand the synthesis, characterization and properties of polymer molecules or macromolecules.
- Track 15-1Polymers and their properties
- Track 15-2Synthetic polymers
- Track 15-3Biopolymers
- Track 15-4Stimulated nuclear reactions
Nuclear chemistry is the study of chemical and physical properties of elements influenced by change in the atomic nucleus. Modern nuclear chemistry is dealing with the radioactivity, is chemistry of radioactive chemical such as the actinides, radium and radon together with the chemistry associated with equipment which is designed to perform nuclear process.
- Track 16-1Radiation and nuclear reactions
- Track 16-2Half-life
- Track 16-3Stimulated nuclear reactions
Computational chemistry is one of the applications of chemical, mathematical and computing skills to the solution of interesting chemical problems.it uses computers to generate information such as properties of molecules or stimulated experimental results. Some common computer software used for computational chemistry includes:
Computational chemistry has become a useful way to investigate material that are too difficult to find or too expensive to purchase.
- Track 17-1Cheminformatics
- Track 17-2Combinatorial Chemistry
- Track 17-3Computational Methods
- Track 17-4Computational Accuracy
- Track 17-5Molecular mechanics
- Track 17-6Chemical dynamics
- Track 17-7Interpreting molecular wave functions
Magnetochemistry is a branch of physical chemistry that examines the interrelationship between a magnetic field and atomic or molecular structure. Magnetic properties arise from the spin and orbital angular momentum of the electrons contained in a compound. Compounds are diamagnetic when they contain electrons. Molecular compounds that contain one or more unpaired electrons are paramagnetic.
- Track 18-1Paramagnetic
- Track 18-2Spin orbital coupling
- Track 18-3Diamagnetic
- Track 18-4Transition metals
Material science is an integrative field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of science and engineering. It includes elements of applied physics and chemistry, as well as chemical, mechanical, and electrical engineering.
In materials science, either randomly looking for and discovering materials and exploiting their properties, one instead aims to understand materials fundamentally so that new materials with the desired properties can be created.
The basis of all materials science involves relating the desired properties and relative performance of a material in a certain application to the structure of the atoms and phases in that material through characterization.
- Track 19-1chemical bond
- Track 19-2Crystallography
- Track 19-3Microstructure
- Track 19-4Macro structure
Biophysical chemistry is a branch of physical science that uses the concepts of physics and physical chemistry for the study of biological systems. Biophysical scientific experts utilize different procedures utilized as a part of physical science to test the structure of natural frameworks. For that they used to describe techniques suited to understanding the physical properties of biological molecules at a chemical level, including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography.
- Track 20-1Biological Systems
- Track 20-2Supra-molecular Structure
- Track 20-3Cell membranes
- Track 20-4 Substrate
Pharmaceutical science is the investigation of medications, and it includes tranquilize improvement. This incorporates sedate revelation, conveyance, assimilation, digestion, and that's just the beginning. There are components of biomedical examination, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics. Pharmaceutical science work is generally done in a lab setting. Pharmaceutical science includes cures and solutions for malady, scientific procedures, pharmacology, digestion, quality confirmation, and medication science. Numerous pharmaceutical science understudies will later work in a lab. Pharmaceutical science prompts professions in tranquilize improvement, biotechnology, pharmaceutical organizations, investigate offices, and that's only the tip of the iceberg.
Catalysis is the expansion in the rate of a synthetic response because of the cooperation of an extra substance called an impetus, which isn't devoured in the catalyzed response and can keep on acting more than once. Frequently just small measures of impetus are required on a fundamental level. As a rule, the responses happen speedier with an impetus since they require less initiation vitality. In catalyzed systems, the impetus more often than not responds to frame an impermanent halfway which at that point recovers the first impetus in a cyclic procedure.
Nanotechnology is control of issue on a nuclear, atomic, and supramolecular scale. The most punctual, boundless depiction of nanotechnology alluded to the specific innovative objective of exactly controlling iotas and atoms for manufacture of macro scale items, likewise now alluded to as sub-atomic nanotechnology. A more summed up depiction of nanotechnology was therefore settled by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which characterizes nanotechnology as the control of issue with no less than one measurement estimated from 1 to 100 nanometres. This definition mirrors the way that quantum mechanical impacts are critical at this quantum-domain scale, thus the definition moved from a specific innovative objective to an examination classification comprehensive of a wide range of research and advances that arrangement with the exceptional properties of issue which happen beneath the given size edge. It is in this way basic to see the plural shape "nanotechnologies" and additionally "nanoscale innovations" to allude to the wide scope of research and applications whose normal attribute is measure.
Geochemistry is the science that uses the instruments and standards of science to clarify the components behind major land frameworks, for example, the Earth's hull and its seas. The domain of geochemistry stretches out past the Earth, enveloping the whole Solar System, and has made vital commitments to the comprehension of various procedures including mantle convection, the development of planets and the roots of stone and basalt. Geo science is the branch of Earth Science that applies synthetic standards to extend a comprehension of the Earth framework and frameworks of different planets. Geochemists consider Earth made out of discrete circles rocks, liquids, gases and science that trade matter and vitality over a scope of time scales.
Astro science is the investigation of the wealth and responses of particles in the Universe, and their connection with radiation. The teach is a cover of stargazing and science. "Astro science" might be connected to both the Solar System and the interstellar medium. The investigation of the plenitude of components and isotope proportions in Solar System objects, for example, shooting stars, is additionally called Cosmo Science, while the investigation of interstellar iotas and atoms and their collaboration with radiation is some of the time called sub-atomic astronomy. The arrangement, nuclear and synthetic creation, advancement and destiny of sub-atomic gas mists are of uncommon intrigue, since it is from these mists that galaxies frame.